Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, USMC

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Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, USMC

Post by georgetanksherman » Sun Jan 23, 2022 11:51 pm

Found this warrior while researching Americans that were with the RCAF, but transferred to the U.S. Marine Corp., records indicate he was from Canada, Parents had moved to California.

Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, USMC

+ Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, O-011271, USMC, from Canada, location New Britain Island, date of loss January 4, 1944 (pm) Was flying a mission over Rabaul when his aircraft went Missing in Action. Have not been able to find which Squadron, or type of aircraft.

+ Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, O-011271, USMC, from Canada, declared Killed in Action Jan. 15,1946 (WW2), Manila American Cemetery (bm)

+ Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, O-011271, POW & MPDet, HQUSMC, Washington DC, January 15, 1946, missing-killed in action (mc)

+ Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, O-011271, USMC. Parents, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey E. Carter, P.O. Box 263, Verdugo City, California (na)


May this Fallen Warrior always be Remembered and Honored

George

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Re: Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, USMC

Post by Temujin » Mon Jan 24, 2022 9:27 am

You may have this, but more info on him George. His parents were American (Father born in Virginia, and mother born in Ohio), and he was born in California. Border crossing indicated he was at 15 EFTS and on his way to the US Marine Corps
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Re: Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, USMC

Post by georgetanksherman » Mon Jan 24, 2022 12:28 pm

Well, that, I guess goes into the "Let's confuse everyone file" as you saw above, everything that I could find on him was stated he was from Canada, and that his parents had moved to Canada. I found a list of 40 Americans that were "Picked Up" from the RCAF and joined the U.S. Marine Corp. It just gave names, so I am having to dig where they were from, what RCAF unit, and what Squadron in the USMC they were assigned. I thought Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, USMC was the odd one out as they kept saying he was from Canada, and none of the others have so far !

Appreciate the help and correction on this one Temujin

Cheers

George

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Re: Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, USMC

Post by Temujin » Mon Jan 24, 2022 3:52 pm

georgetanksherman wrote:
Sun Jan 23, 2022 11:51 pm
Found this warrior while researching Americans that were with the RCAF, but transferred to the U.S. Marine Corp., records indicate he was from Canada, Parents had moved to California.

Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, USMC

+ Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, O-011271, USMC, from Canada, location New Britain Island, date of loss January 4, 1944 (pm) Was flying a mission over Rabaul when his aircraft went Missing in Action. Have not been able to find which Squadron, or type of aircraft.

+ Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, O-011271, USMC, from Canada, declared Killed in Action Jan. 15,1946 (WW2), Manila American Cemetery (bm)

+ Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, O-011271, POW & MPDet, HQUSMC, Washington DC, January 15, 1946, missing-killed in action (mc)

+ Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, O-011271, USMC. Parents, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey E. Carter, P.O. Box 263, Verdugo City, California (na)


May this Fallen Warrior always be Remembered and Honored

George

George, I noticed that I didn’t answer your question……..which Squadron, or type of aircraft…..

Well, did my research and discovered on the 4 Jan 1944, 40 aircraft from the 13th Air Force were involved. The 13th AF included Marine Fighter units. As you can see below, some of the Marine Units that participated in a similar mission the DAY BEFORE…….so I’ll will try and find out of Capt Carter was part of these squadrons
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Reading the History of the 13th Air Force, here’s what it said about the aircraft the Marines were using

After the capture of Munda airstrip on New Georgia, 8 August 1943, Marine airmen were able to cover the landings on Vella La Vella, on Treasury and on Bougainville Islands. After the landing on Bougainville, 1 November 1943, the last major stepping stone to Rabaul was secured in the Northern Solomons. An airstrip was built at Torokina, near Empress Augusta Bay. The base on Bougainville placed fighters within range of Rabaul, permitting them to fly cover for the heavy bombers of the Thirteenth, which came from Munda to pound the great enemy stronghold on New Britain.

By the time Marine airmen flew into Torokina, on Bougainville, they were equipped with the new F4U (Corsair) fighters, which replaced the Wildcat of earlier days. The F4U gull-winged planes joined the P-38s of the Thirteenth and the P-40s of RNZAF to protect the heavies as they flew to their Rabaul targets. Flying top cover over the B-24s, the F4Us were prepared to knock down Japanese Zeros which came in over Simpson Harbor at high altitudes to attack the bomber formations of the Thirteenth.

The F4Us did not restrict their activities to defending the heavies. They also flew cover for Marine TBFs and SBDs, which struck at Japanese ships in Simpson Harbor and at enemy land installations in the Rabaul and Bougainvillea areas. The Corsairs carried out, in addition, independent fighter sweeps over New Britain and the Northern Solomons.

By the end of 1943, Marine airmen had achieved a remarkable record; they had destroyed over 800 enemy planes in combat over New Britain and the Solomons. With the exception of a few PBYs (the Marine version of the B-25), with which they were equipped during the Rabaul campaign, this record was made by single engine aircraft. As the brilliant score indicates, no Allied units fought more fearlessly and more effectively than the Marine air groups in the Guadalcanal and Northern Solomons campaign.

The painting shows a Marine F4U about to take off from Piva Yoke, a fighter strip near Torokina.


SO, most likely he was flying a F4U Corsair

I’ll do some research and see if I can pin down the squadron

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Re: Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, USMC

Post by Temujin » Mon Jan 24, 2022 4:35 pm

George, found the records, it was indeed an F4U, and he was flying with VMF-321, After Action Report below:
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Re: Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, USMC

Post by Temujin » Mon Jan 24, 2022 5:08 pm

Sorry George, as you know, once I start looking, I like to find everything I can. Info on Totokina Airfield that VMF-321 flew from

Location of former U.S Marine airfield during World War II. Opened for business on December 10, 1943 courtesy of the U.S. Navy 71st Seabee battalion.

Additional Wiki info:The 3rd Marine Division landed on Bougainville on 1 November 1943 at the start of the Bougainville Campaign, establishing a beachhead around Cape Torokina. Small detachments of the 25th, 53rd, 71st and 75th Naval Construction Battalions landed with the Marines and the 71st Battalion was tasked with establishing a 5,150 feet (1,570 m) by 200 feet (61 m) fighter airfield that would become Torokina Airfield.[1] The airfield became operational on December 10, 1943 when VMF-216 landed with 17 F4U Corsairs.

On 9 March 1944, the Japanese shelled the airfield and forced the squadrons that were based their to take off to avoid damage to their aircraft. Royal New Zealand Air Force squadrons also began operating from the airfield from January 1, 1944
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Marine F4U-1 Corsair on the Torokina Airstrip, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, early 1943.
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I would suggest that Capt Carter is in this photo
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https://archive.org/details/AHistoryOfM ... quadron321

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Re: Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, USMC

Post by Temujin » Mon Jan 24, 2022 5:43 pm

Nominal Roll of VMF-321 (with Harvey Carter’s name on it) on sailing on USS Pocomoke (AV9) From Pago Pago Samoa on 15 Nov 1943
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USS Pocomoke AV-9 May 1943
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Re: Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, USMC

Post by Temujin » Mon Jan 24, 2022 5:58 pm

George, this is the record that is incorrect, and list’s his residence as “CANADA”…….American Battlefield Monuments Commission

I think, they looked as his records, and his LAST place of residence would have been CANADA, before he joined the USMC…..but he was born in California and really that should be his “place of residence”

BUT, I looked at your other Goverments records, such as the U.S., Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency, Unaccounted-for Remains, Group A (Recoverable), 1941-1975


and they list his residence as “CANADA”…….but he’s in the RECORDS of your war dead under CALIFORNIA (which he should be)…….
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AND, on the Memorial in Manilla, they have him listed as CANADA…….don’t think you’ll get that changed??
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https://www.abmc.gov/decedent-search/carter%3Dharvey

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Re: Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, USMC

Post by Temujin » Mon Jan 24, 2022 6:30 pm

Now I’ve found a “whole bunch” of his records……..
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Re: Capt. Harvey Francis Carter, USMC

Post by Temujin » Mon Jan 24, 2022 7:27 pm

Glendale High School
School Location: Glendale, California, USA
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